Chapter 2 - Ottoman Turkish Rule over Palestine

There was a continuous Jewish community living in Hebron from the time of the Babylon exile in the 6th century BC until the British expelled them in 1929.  Other Jewish communities thrived for many centuries in places like Tiberias and Safed in the Galilee.  From the 4th century onwards the land that had been renamed as Palestine by the Romans was under the domination of the Byzantine Empire, when the Cardo here was built.  This was the main thoroughfare through Byzantine Jerusalem.  Jews throughout the empire were regarded as second-class citizens, including in Palestine, which was part of the province of Syria.  

 

 

 

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